Biodiversity

Sustainability

Biodiversity

Biodiversity is an intrinsic and essential aspect to our business. Therefore, we are committed to discover and monitor the regions in which we operate, manage the risks and impacts associated with our business activities, and be transparent to society about our practices.

Our initiatives include researches focused on knowledge about territories and improvement of knowledge about threatened species, recovery of degraded areas, innovation, technology development, and maintenance of protected areas, which are important remnants of the biomes where we operate.

Browse the topics below to learn more about our initiatives.

Environmental Conservation
Nature and People
Research and Development
Foto do pássaro preto pousado no galho da árvore

Environmental Conservation

Vale protects 8,500km² of land – an area almost 5.6 times greater than the total area occupied by the company's operating units. 4.5% of all areas protected by Vale are fully owned by the company and consist of legal reserve areas, Private Natural Heritage Reserves (RPPN, Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural), and properties intended for conservation.

Commitment to recover areas in Brazil

Brazil’s commitment to the National Plan for Recovery of Native Vegetation (Planaveg, Política Nacional de Recuperação da Vegetação Nativa) aims to promote the environmental regulation of Brazilian rural properties through recovery of 12 million hectares of native vegetation in permanent preservation areas (APPs, Áreas de Preservação Permanente), legal reserves (RLs, reservas legais), and degraded areas with low productivity. This policy adopted by the Brazilian government also aims to contribute to the Paris Agreement on climate change. To help reach those goals, Vale is committed to recover 100,000 hectares of degraded areas by 2030.

Recovery of 100,000 hectares of degraded areas by 2030

Vale Natural Reserve

One of our main protected areas is Vale Nature Reserve (RNV, Reserva Natural Vale) in Linhares. The reserve extends across 23,000 hectares that are home to the largest continuous remnant of Tabuleiro Atlantic Forest in the southeast of the country. RNV is an important area for biodiversity conservation and research, and has been recognized by UNESCO as an Outpost of the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve. In addition, it has public open areas for greater integration of communities and general public with nature, including trails, exhibitions, an event venue, and a hotel.

Visit Vale Nature Reserve page:

Access the page

Learn More

+3.000

plant species

+395

bird species

+30 mil

visitors per year

241

research projects developed

Biodiversity Conservation in the Iron Quadrangle Region of Minas Gerais

Vale currently maintains 21 Private Natural Heritage Reserves in the Iron Quadrangle region of Minas Gerais. These areas play an important role in the conservation of representative and characteristic remnants of transitional areas of the Atlantic Forest and Brazilian savanna biomes, home to endangered species of flora and fauna. Combined with other areas protected by third parties, these Private Natural Heritage Reserves form vital ecological corridors that promote the dispersal of species of fauna and flora.

Visit the website to learn more about Mata do Jambreiro RPPN

Access the page
Conservation of more than 70 endangered species of flora and fauna More than 12,800 hectares of protected area

Carajás National Forest

Carajás National Forest and other protected areas form Carajás mosaic and represent one of the largest blocks of native vegetation of the southeast region of Pará. This sustainable conservation unit is managed by Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade), which also invests in biodiversity conservation and research in partnership with Vale.

Vale Institute of Technology and Emílio Goeldi Museum signed a public-private partnership in December 2014 to strengthen the botanical base focusing on sustainable mining in Carajás National Forest. Implemented in record time, the initiative has substantially increased the estimated number of species of hardpan vegetation in Carajás. The knowledge generated by this project has been applied to advanced studies that can confirm factors such as the categories of local endangered species.

1.094 plant species

Botanical Garden

Vale currently manages three botanical gardens located in Vitória (Espírito Santo), São Luís (Maranhão), and Carajás (Pará). The sites are open to visitors and are home to hundreds of tree species and a variety of animals. In Carajás, the park also houses a zoo with several species. These parks offer visitors several educational activities aimed at environmental preservation, such as workshops, events, and ecological trails. To learn more about each of the parks, visit the pages below.

Foto do pássaro preto pousado no galho da árvore

Nature and People

Vale invests in projects that support the sustainable development of communities. In addition to promoting environmental studies and preservation, these projects aim to generate income and improve quality of life of the local population.

Vale Fund

Vale Fund is a Public Interest Non-Governmental Organization (OSCIP, Organização da Sociedade Civil de Interesse Público) created in 2009 as part of Vale's sustainability strategy for contributing to the conservation of threatened biomes and improving the living conditions of local population. Until 2019, 54 initiatives for conservation and sustainable use of Amazon received support from this Fund, with allocation of R$120 million in the following three work programs: Strategic Monitoring, Protected Areas and Biodiversity, as well as Green Municipalities. Vale Fund has consolidated itself among the main sponsors of the biome, ranking among the top 10 (the only one from the private sector) according to a study conducted by Moore Foundation.

The experience gained by Vale Fund showed that conservation of the Amazon depends on an economy that thrives by protecting the standing forest. Thus, since 2015, Vale Fund has been strengthening its strategy to support forest-based and sustainable production chains. Since 2017, its strategy is focused on fostering a social and environmental business ecosystem. The idea is to create a more thrilling sustainable business environment with measurable positive impacts and financial instruments that enhance forest and low-carbon chains.

To learn more, visit the Vale Fund website

Access

Contributions from Vale Fund:

Implementation and consolidation of more than 279,000km² of conservation units in six Amazonian states Creation of the country's first community protocol for fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the use of biodiversity Support to training on land management and a business vision for socio-biodiversity products from Extractive Reserves in Pará

Sustainable Fishing on the Amazon Coast

An important cooperation between UNESCO and Vale Fund on the Amazon coast aims to develop and strengthen the sustainable productive chain of artisanal fishing.

Learn more about UNESCO’s Sustainable Fishing on the Amazon coast project

Access the page

Learn about some of the results:

30

communities in 10 municipalities of the Amazon coast have been benefited

271

youth leadership workshops, providing continued training for almost 300 young people in three states.

22

technical training workshops, benefiting more than 800 people

44

institutional partners including public and private entities, educational and research institutions, NGOs, and community associations.

Amigos da Jubarte

The coast of Espírito Santo boasts one of the largest concentrations of humpback whales in Brazil, but the lack of studies on the feasibility of whale observation tourism prevented promotion of this local attraction. Thus, Vale became a partner of the Amigos da Jubarte project, which aims to raise social visibility of humpbacks in Espírito Santo through environmental education, scientific and cultural activities, in addition to influencing related public policies.

To learn more, visit the project website

Click here
Project Milestones: Mapping, training, and certification of boat captains and tour operators Creation of Jubart.Lab platform – unprecedented scientific laboratory in the state that compiles data, a collection of photos, and videos produced in the maritime expeditions More than 6,000 people engaged in the project’s initiatives
Foto do pássaro preto pousado no galho da árvore

Research and Development

Vale invests in studies to evaluate sensitive areas, habitats and species, prioritizing the prevention and mitigation of impacts on biodiversity. Check below information about Vale Institute of Technology (ITV, Instituto Tecnológico Vale) and some of the researches developed and supported by the company.

Vale Institute of Technology

Vale Institute of Technology was created in 2009 in Belém (Pará), aiming to develop and organize knowledge for the responsible use of natural resources in the mining industry. ITV comprises a team of almost 100 researchers dedicated to issues, such as biodiversity, ecosystem services, water resources, socio-economy, land occupation and use, climate change, and genomics of the landscape.

To learn more about its initiatives, visit ITV website

Access
Ilustração de um tubo de ensaio.

Researches

DNA Barcodes
Impact of Climate Change on Fauna Species
Bees in Carajás
Pollination in Protected Areas

DNA Barcodes and Genomics: Basis for Biodiversity Conservation and Licensing

Climate change and forest fires are a threat to Amazonian biodiversity. To reduce this impact, Vale Institute of Technology has been conducting a scientific work to map the flora and fauna of this biome. The research uses the DNA barcoding methodology, which consists of implementing a DNA barcode and uploading it to a digital platform for identification of living beings. The use of molecular technology streamlines the identification of plants and animals as well as enables studying some species that are difficult to identify. Due to this work, the Amazon can be considered the only Brazilian biome with a reference genetic library.

Production of more than 10,000 DNA barcodes for almost 5,000 specimens

This is the only region in Brazil whose flora has been fully classified with DNA barcodes

Environmental Conservation
Foto do pássaro preto pousado no galho da árvore

Environmental Conservation

Vale protects 8,500km² of land – an area almost 5.6 times greater than the total area occupied by the company's operating units. 4.5% of all areas protected by Vale are fully owned by the company and consist of legal reserve areas, Private Natural Heritage Reserves (RPPN, Reserva Particular do Patrimônio Natural), and properties intended for conservation.

Commitment to recover areas in Brazil

Brazil’s commitment to the National Plan for Recovery of Native Vegetation (Planaveg, Política Nacional de Recuperação da Vegetação Nativa) aims to promote the environmental regulation of Brazilian rural properties through recovery of 12 million hectares of native vegetation in permanent preservation areas (APPs, Áreas de Preservação Permanente), legal reserves (RLs, reservas legais), and degraded areas with low productivity. This policy adopted by the Brazilian government also aims to contribute to the Paris Agreement on climate change. To help reach those goals, Vale is committed to recover 100,000 hectares of degraded areas by 2030.

Recovery of 100,000 hectares of degraded areas by 2030

Vale Natural Reserve

One of our main protected areas is Vale Nature Reserve (RNV, Reserva Natural Vale) in Linhares. The reserve extends across 23,000 hectares that are home to the largest continuous remnant of Tabuleiro Atlantic Forest in the southeast of the country. RNV is an important area for biodiversity conservation and research, and has been recognized by UNESCO as an Outpost of the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve. In addition, it has public open areas for greater integration of communities and general public with nature, including trails, exhibitions, an event venue, and a hotel.

Visit Vale Nature Reserve page:

Access the page

Learn More

+3.000

plant species

+395

bird species

+30 mil

visitors per year

241

research projects developed

Biodiversity Conservation in the Iron Quadrangle Region of Minas Gerais

Vale currently maintains 21 Private Natural Heritage Reserves in the Iron Quadrangle region of Minas Gerais. These areas play an important role in the conservation of representative and characteristic remnants of transitional areas of the Atlantic Forest and Brazilian savanna biomes, home to endangered species of flora and fauna. Combined with other areas protected by third parties, these Private Natural Heritage Reserves form vital ecological corridors that promote the dispersal of species of fauna and flora.

Visit the website to learn more about Mata do Jambreiro RPPN

Access the page
Conservation of more than 70 endangered species of flora and fauna More than 12,800 hectares of protected area

Carajás National Forest

Carajás National Forest and other protected areas form Carajás mosaic and represent one of the largest blocks of native vegetation of the southeast region of Pará. This sustainable conservation unit is managed by Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio, Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade), which also invests in biodiversity conservation and research in partnership with Vale.

Vale Institute of Technology and Emílio Goeldi Museum signed a public-private partnership in December 2014 to strengthen the botanical base focusing on sustainable mining in Carajás National Forest. Implemented in record time, the initiative has substantially increased the estimated number of species of hardpan vegetation in Carajás. The knowledge generated by this project has been applied to advanced studies that can confirm factors such as the categories of local endangered species.

1.094 plant species

Botanical Garden

Vale currently manages three botanical gardens located in Vitória (Espírito Santo), São Luís (Maranhão), and Carajás (Pará). The sites are open to visitors and are home to hundreds of tree species and a variety of animals. In Carajás, the park also houses a zoo with several species. These parks offer visitors several educational activities aimed at environmental preservation, such as workshops, events, and ecological trails. To learn more about each of the parks, visit the pages below.

Nature and People
Foto do pássaro preto pousado no galho da árvore

Nature and People

Vale invests in projects that support the sustainable development of communities. In addition to promoting environmental studies and preservation, these projects aim to generate income and improve quality of life of the local population.

Vale Fund

Vale Fund is a Public Interest Non-Governmental Organization (OSCIP, Organização da Sociedade Civil de Interesse Público) created in 2009 as part of Vale's sustainability strategy for contributing to the conservation of threatened biomes and improving the living conditions of local population. Until 2019, 54 initiatives for conservation and sustainable use of Amazon received support from this Fund, with allocation of R$120 million in the following three work programs: Strategic Monitoring, Protected Areas and Biodiversity, as well as Green Municipalities. Vale Fund has consolidated itself among the main sponsors of the biome, ranking among the top 10 (the only one from the private sector) according to a study conducted by Moore Foundation.

The experience gained by Vale Fund showed that conservation of the Amazon depends on an economy that thrives by protecting the standing forest. Thus, since 2015, Vale Fund has been strengthening its strategy to support forest-based and sustainable production chains. Since 2017, its strategy is focused on fostering a social and environmental business ecosystem. The idea is to create a more thrilling sustainable business environment with measurable positive impacts and financial instruments that enhance forest and low-carbon chains.

To learn more, visit the Vale Fund website

Access

Contributions from Vale Fund:

Implementation and consolidation of more than 279,000km² of conservation units in six Amazonian states Creation of the country's first community protocol for fair and equitable sharing of benefits from the use of biodiversity Support to training on land management and a business vision for socio-biodiversity products from Extractive Reserves in Pará

Sustainable Fishing on the Amazon Coast

An important cooperation between UNESCO and Vale Fund on the Amazon coast aims to develop and strengthen the sustainable productive chain of artisanal fishing.

Learn more about UNESCO’s Sustainable Fishing on the Amazon coast project

Access the page

Learn about some of the results:

30

communities in 10 municipalities of the Amazon coast have been benefited

271

youth leadership workshops, providing continued training for almost 300 young people in three states.

22

technical training workshops, benefiting more than 800 people

44

institutional partners including public and private entities, educational and research institutions, NGOs, and community associations.

Amigos da Jubarte

The coast of Espírito Santo boasts one of the largest concentrations of humpback whales in Brazil, but the lack of studies on the feasibility of whale observation tourism prevented promotion of this local attraction. Thus, Vale became a partner of the Amigos da Jubarte project, which aims to raise social visibility of humpbacks in Espírito Santo through environmental education, scientific and cultural activities, in addition to influencing related public policies.

To learn more, visit the project website

Click here
Project Milestones: Mapping, training, and certification of boat captains and tour operators Creation of Jubart.Lab platform – unprecedented scientific laboratory in the state that compiles data, a collection of photos, and videos produced in the maritime expeditions More than 6,000 people engaged in the project’s initiatives
Research and Development
Foto do pássaro preto pousado no galho da árvore

Research and Development

Vale invests in studies to evaluate sensitive areas, habitats and species, prioritizing the prevention and mitigation of impacts on biodiversity. Check below information about Vale Institute of Technology (ITV, Instituto Tecnológico Vale) and some of the researches developed and supported by the company.

Ilustração de um tubo de ensaio.

Vale Institute of Technology

Vale Institute of Technology was created in 2009 in Belém (Pará), aiming to develop and organize knowledge for the responsible use of natural resources in the mining industry. ITV comprises a team of almost 100 researchers dedicated to issues, such as biodiversity, ecosystem services, water resources, socio-economy, land occupation and use, climate change, and genomics of the landscape.

To learn more about its initiatives, visit ITV website

Access

Researches

DNA Barcodes and Genomics: Basis for Biodiversity Conservation and Licensing

Climate change and forest fires are a threat to Amazonian biodiversity. To reduce this impact, Vale Institute of Technology has been conducting a scientific work to map the flora and fauna of this biome. The research uses the DNA barcoding methodology, which consists of implementing a DNA barcode and uploading it to a digital platform for identification of living beings. The use of molecular technology streamlines the identification of plants and animals as well as enables studying some species that are difficult to identify. Due to this work, the Amazon can be considered the only Brazilian biome with a reference genetic library.

Production of more than 10,000 DNA barcodes for almost 5,000 specimens

This is the only region in Brazil whose flora has been fully classified with DNA barcodes