The Paris Agreement was signed by global leaders in 2015. It sets out a global framework to reduce the effects of climate change by limiting global warming to well below 2°C by 2100 above pre-industrial levels. According to UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), human activities have already warmed the Earth’s average temperature by 0.87°C since the start of the Industrial Revolution. Also in 2015, representatives of UN member states pledged to take measures to foster sustainable development, including combating climate change and its impacts. Vale maintains its targets aligned with the Paris Agreement and UN’s 2030 agenda as it strives to meet all current demands of our planet.

Requirements to become net zero – (i) measure emissions; (ii) reduce emissions; (iii) offset remaining emissions; (iv) verify and validate data with transparency.