Restriction of Harzadous Substances


Restriction of Harzadous Substances


Europe has issued a directive on Vehicle End-of-Life, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment, and a directive on Restriction of Hazardous Substances. 

Under these directives, certain consumer products must be free of key hazardous materials so that they do not produce an environmental or human health concern when disposed of. 

To be marketable in the European Union, certain consumer products must contain materials material with less than 0.1 per cent lead, mercury, hexavalent chromium, polybrominated biphenyls and polybrominated diphenylethers, and less than 0.01per cent cadmium. 

Affected products include:

  • Household appliances
  • IT and telecommunications equipment 
  • Consumer electronics 
  • Lighting 
  • Electrical and electronic tools (except large-scale stationary, industrial tools)
  • Toys, leisure and sports equipment 
  • Personal Vehicles 

There are several exemptions for batteries, cathode ray tubes and certain electronic solders.


China has a similar directive, called “Management Methods on Prevention and Control of Pollution Caused by Electronic Information Products.” It differs from the European directive because it includes:

  • "Safe-use" period marking on products or in product manuals
  • Toxic-substance content marking on products or in product manuals
  • Recyclability marking on products or in product manuals
  • Material-content marking on product packaging or in product manuals