Copper, that reddish-orange metal that has been used to benefit civilization since 8000 B.C. is one
of the most important metals used by modern industry.
Prized for its ability to conduct heat and electricity, it is an element that helps facilitate the
world as we know it, and is a focus of Vale’s investment.
Malleable, resistant to corrosion and high temperatures, recyclable and blessed with the best
electrical and thermal conductivity of any commercial metal, copper is highly valued for its
application in power transmission and generation, building wiring as well as practically all
electronic equipment, including mobile phones and television sets.