Which are the musical styles played in the countries where Vale operates?

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Which are the musical styles played in the countries where Vale operates?

Did you know that the Day of the Musician is celebrated on November 22nd? In celebration of the Week of Music, why not remember the different music genres that exist throughout the world? ? Vale is present in 26 countries from the five continents . Malawi, Oman, Zambia and New Caledonia are some of the territories where the mining company has operations. But what are the typical music genres of these countries? And what musical instruments do they use?

You will find below some of these international music genres:



Have you ever heard of gamelan? An essential part of Indonesian culture, a gamelan is a traditional music ensemble and also a typical instrument of the islands of Java and Bali in Indonesia. In this sea of music, there are plenty of instruments: metallophones, xylophones, kendang (drums), gongs, bamboo flutes, and string instruments. Not to mention the musicians who, in some cases, amount to more than 30!

Associated with religions such as Hinduism and Buddhism, the gamelan is divided into several types, some of which are considered sacred. The rhythm? It's certainly unlike anything you've ever heard! They are different sounds, with paused and harmonic melodies, that make Indonesia be on the list of exotic international musical genres.

In Indonesia, there are more than 1,800 islands and, curiously, each one has its own musical and artistic culture! That' some musical diversity, isn't it?

Listen here to a gamelan orchestra



From classic to pop music. When the subject is a variety of music genres from other countries, India is not left out. After all, music is sacred to them.

The Indian music was developed from an interaction between different cultures that populated the country. The curious thing about Indian music is its melodic system, known as RAGA, a musical creation basis with five, six or seven notes related to the seasons of the year, hours of the day, emotions, and castes.

The basis of Indian music is sangeet, which means singing with instrumental accompaniment, bringing together vocal and instrumental music, and dance. No wonder most of the songs in India are accompanied by choreographies marked by looks and movements of all parts of the body.

The characteristic musical instruments are sitar (which means three chords), harmonium, tabla, and flute. Interestingly, they all came from European countries, but are only used in India nowadays.

Listen here to some Indian music.

Did you know??

Indian music became better known in the 1960s when the world went through a customary revolution partly brought about by pop music. It was at this time that Indian music was discovered by British rock groups, especially the Beatles and Rolling Stones! It was thus that some Indian sitarists became ustads or pandits, titles granted to music 'doctors'.



A little Spanish sound with a touch of African and Andean musical roots. Mix everything and as a result, you will get a Peruvian song! Andean influences come in the sound emitted from wind instruments, like the flutes. The African ones can be heard at the rhythms of percussion instruments. And the European ones are felt in the harmony of the string instruments. The predominant musical instrument in Peruvian music is the charango.

Música criolla, a mixture of traditional European and African rhythms, is the predominant in the country. Some examples of this international music genre are polka and marinera.

Music, dance, and singing are an essential combination of music genres in Peru. That is because these three elements were present in all the social and ritual activities of the Incas, who, in fact, used a great variety of musical instruments.

Listen here to some Peruvian music.

Estados Unidos


When it comes to American music, country has to be on the agenda. Originated in the south of the country in the 1920s, this international music genre has roots in the music of the Appalachians and in blues.

The country was born out of the traditional American working-class music, mixing popular Celtic and Irish songs and melodies of the fiddle, (term used to refer to any musical instrument played with a bow), traditional English ballads, cowboy songs, and various musical traditions of European immigrants. One of the instruments used is the five-stringed banjo.

How about listening to some country music?



If there are people who know how to make music with a social character, they are Mozambicans. An example of this is the marrabenta, a musical genre from the south of the country that mixes music, dance, and lyrics with great social content.

The traditional music of Mozambique has Bantu features (ethnic-language family located mainly in sub-Saharan Africa and encompassing about 400 different ethnic subgroups) and Arab influence. It usually accompanies social ceremonies, especially in the form of dance.

The traditional musical instrument is the Chopi mbila, considered as Intangible World Heritage by Unesco.

Listen here to some Mozambican music.



Now it's time to navigate on the waves of surf music, also known as surf rock. This music has a fast time signature and with guitars dominating the sound.

From this international musical genre, two formats appeared: instrumental surf rock, with electric guitar and saxophone as melody bases, and vocal pop surf, with ballads and dancing songs.

Despite being a predominant musical genre in Australia, surf music was born in Southern California in the 1960s.

Haven't you heard about this international musical genre?Listen to it here!



The Swiss music genres are quite varied. Popular music includes alphorn music, the Länder, and Alpine singing, as well as the folk songs of Ticino, the corals of western Switzerland, and the composers of Bern.

The Ländner musical style is the component of popular Swiss instrumental music. The Ländler songs are a kind of marches, scots, mazurkas, or foxtrots. It appeared from the invention of the accordion around 1880. Since then, Swiss music has become a mixture of German, Austrian and Italian melodies, including operatic themes and court dances introduced with the Napoleonic occupation. Instruments such as clarinet, violin, trumpet, horn, and tuba or double bass were used in the typical music bands of the region.

Do you want to learn a little about this Swiss music genre? Click here!

Learn more about Vale's operations in other countries


Which are the musical styles played in the countries where Vale operates?