Vale acts in the coal sector. Coal is a substance essential for the transformation of iron ore into steel.

Coal is used in th​e steel industry as well as for the generation of electricity.

  • Metallurgical coal

    Metallurgical coal is used in steel production and is the focus of our operations and projects.

  • Thermal coal

    Thermal coal, also produced by our operations, is used to generate heat and power in thermal power plants.



We have operations and projects in Mozambique country that are expected to grow the most in terms of the global coal supply.

Coal Mine - Moatize - Mozambique galeria de imagens


The Moatize Mine in Mozambique has been producing coal since September 2011, and represents our biggest investment within the segment. One of our biggest challenges in this country is logistics. We have invested in a railroad that connects to a port - Nacala Corridor - in order to transport the mine’s output.

Nacala Corridor

A logistics corridor that connects Moatize to the port of Nacala and includes rail and port infrastructures. The railroad passes through two countries, Mozambique and Malawi, totalizing 912 km - of which 684 were renewed and 228 were built.

The port infrastructure extends for about 600 hectares, off the bay of Nacala, Nacala-a-Velha district. With deep waters and multiuse standard, it allows the access of several companies to it´s infrastructure. It was designed to receive and export about 18 million tons of coal, in addition to general cargo and especially daily passenger transportation.




The construction and restoration of railroads in Africa is contributing to the continent’s economic and social development. As well as transporting our own output, our railroads move various other products.