Technical Information and Useful Links

Technical Information

Technical Information and Useful Links

Steel University

Learn how steel is produced and used through e-learning at

ALD Vacuum Technologies GmbH

ALD is a leading vacuum-technology company and its website features many useful brochures about nickel-melting processes.

ASM International

Order books and technical information about steels and nickel alloys.

International Nickel Study Group (Presentations)

Many useful presentations about nickel and how it’s used are available online at the INSG website.

Contact Us

If you have specific technical questions regarding the production, specifications, performance or application of our Vale melting products, please email us at