Skip Ribbon Commands
Skip to main content
Untitled 1

Brumadinho



Context:

On January 25th, 2019, Dam I, at the "Córrego do Feijão" mine, in Brumadinho (MG), collapsed. Since the first hours after the dam breach, Vale has been providing support to those affected and their families. Several actions have been carried out in the social, environmental, infrastructure and safety areas. We continue to invest in initiatives towards the development of sustainable mining, reducing impacts and acting with society, transparently, to mitigate even more the risks associated with our operations.

Dam I of the Córrego do Feijão mine received the disposal of iron ore tailings from Vale’s production in Brumadinho (MG). The dam was inactive (it was no longer receiving tailings), there was no lake present and no other operational activity was in progress. At that time, the dam’s de-characterization project was under development. The dam was built in 1976 by Ferteco Mineração (a company acquired by Vale on April 27, 2001) using the upstream heightening method. The dam height was 86 meters and its crest length was 720 meters. The tailings occupied an area of 249.5 thousand square meters and the disposed volume was 11.7 million cubic meters.


Reparation Agreements

Full Reparation Agreement

Made effective on the 4th of February 2021 by Vale, the Minas Gerais state government, the State and Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office, and the Public Defender’s Office for the State of Minas Gerais.

The agreement guarantees legal security and rapidity in repairing diffuse and collective socioenvironmental and socioeconomic damages.

The Full Reparation Agreement is exclusively civil in nature. All criminal proceedings remain open and will be decided upon by the Brazilian judiciary.

See the measures included in the agreement:

Resources for the substitution of emergency financial assistance through the Income Transfer Program.
Measures for improving quality of life, access to public services, and economic growth in the affected region.
Allow individuals affected to return to the same living conditions and situation which existed before the disaster, strengthening their autonomy and ability to act as a protagonist.

See what is not included in the Full Reparation Agreement’s ceiling price, but will continue to be paid by Vale:

Check actions and expenses monitored by the agreement:


Provides resources for contracting independent auditors in order to provide signatory institutions with support in monitoring the fulfillment of their obligations.

Learn more about payment obligations under the agreement:

The Brazilian government and judiciary will be responsible for choosing, developing, and carrying out these interventions, programs, and projects, without participation from Vale.

Actions generated and coordinated by the State of Minas Gerais and judiciary institutions, which will provide information on the scope and dynamics of participation.

Since these initiatives are not carried out by Vale itself, questions and concerns must be directed to the communication channels available with the Brazilian government. 




The Full Reparation Agreement is based on two fronts: socioenvironmental and socioeconomic. Understand each of them.

Socioenvironmental

Learn more about our socioenvironmental obligations:


Determine and carry out the series of reparation measures aimed at environmental recovery, as well as measures and initiatives (whether financial or of a different nature) aimed at providing compensation for all impacts, damages, or losses caused by the dam collapse and other negative repercussions.




The socioenvironmental recovery process

No price cap in place and estimated at R$ 5 bn
Restoration of the environment to conditions provided for in the reparation plan and standards for environmental quality, with the conditions which existed before the dam collapse used as a reference point.

Projects aimed at providing compensation for recognized environmental damage


Socioeconomic

Learn more abou tour socioeconomic obligations:


Prepare and execute socioeconomic initiatives and projects focused on Brumadinho and the 25 municipalities in the Paraopeba Basin already found to have been affected, taking the dynamics uncovered during consultations held with affected individuals into account in order to prioritize urgent needs.

Flow for defining and approval of projects

After analyzing the flow, understand:

Moving forward, how will affected individuals participate in the implementation of the Agreement?

Working together with the Brazilian state, the State and Federal Public Prosecutor’s Office, and the Public Defender’s Office, the affected individuals and communities, with support from independent technical consultants, will help to build future pathways to reparation. In addition to other possibilities, the Agreement expressly provides for the participation of those impacted in the following situations:

1. Participation in defining all projects that will be carried out using resources from the Projects for Direct Demands of Affected Individuals (Anexo I.1)

2. Proposals for socioeconomic projects in the Paraopeba Basin and socioeconomic projects for Brumadinho (Annexes I.3 and I.4) and participation in the public consultation process aimed at prioritizing these projects.

This means that all decision making will take place through direct participation or previous consultation of all parties involved in projects.

What is the deadline for sending project proposals?

As announced by the Minas Gerais state government, the deadline for presenting project proposals for the Paraopeba river basin and Brumadinho by members of the population and municipalities affected by the dam collapse was June 5th, 2021.

The agreement allows for the possibility of municipalities that are not on the list of those “hereby qualified” to request this recognition. There is a 2-year period for request this qualification and part of the funds allocated in annex 1.3 is reserved for such circumstances.

How will people that have been affected be able to prioritize planned socioeconomic projects?

The Brazilian state and judiciary institutions will hold a collective public consultation process with affected individuals; these institutions will be responsible for the final decision with regards to the projects to be implemented.

These final decisions will be binding upon the Parties.

Vale will not take part in the consultation process and will only be responsible for preparing and implementing projects deemed to be a priority.

Are there any indications of when and how the consultation process aimed at prioritizing socioeconomic projects will take place?

According to information provided by the Minas Gerais state government, public consultations for identifying priority projects described in annex I.3 and I.4 of the Judicial Settlement will be held between the second half of July and the first half of August 2021.

It is important to note that the operational parameters with regards to the prioritization process are still being defined by the Brazilian state and institutions and will be widely disseminated on the webpages for the Pro-Brumadinho Steering Committee, the Brazilian government and other information channels once this information becomes available.

What channels will be used to communicate with the affected population and publish the progress of works that are underway and the monitoring of the execution of projects?

The Pro-Brumadinho Steering Committee’s portal presents information on the impacts of the dam collapse on affected populations and the environment, as well as information on the initiatives and projects that are being completed as part of the Judicial Settlement.

The website will be constantly updated with information on the progress made with regards to initiatives and projects that are currently underway. Further information is also available at the website minasemobras.mg.gov.br(in Portuguese, only).

What amount will be allocated to Environmental Recovery and who will be responsible for paying for the execution of projects?

The amounts necessary for full environmental recovery are not limited to the amounts set forth in the Agreement. The obligation for recovery of environmental damage will remain intact and without financial limits, in addition to compensation for environmental damages already found to be irreparable.

This means that Vale is not only assuming responsibility for repairing all environmental damages, but also committing itself to spending any amounts necessary to reaching this objective in accordance with defined socioenvironmental indicators and taking the situation prior to the dam rupture into account. It is important to remember that various emergency environmental recovery efforts are already underway.

What areas are subject to socioenvironmental compensation for recognized environmental damage?

The amount allocated for socioenvironmental initiatives is R$ 1,550,000,000.00, with Vale responsible for making payments and implementing initiatives.

Measures for compensation or indemnification defined in this agreement correspond with the measures and initiatives (whether financial or of a different nature) aimed at indemnifying, compensating, providing benefits, corresponding credits and/or offsetting, in a proportional manner and as agreed upon in the Global Settlement, the irreparable damages caused by the dam collapse and its negative repercussions. The following items are included in the compensation measures:

1. Irreparable environmental damage, listed in Annex IX of the Agreement;

2. The irrecoverable part of recoverable environment damages recognized up to the date on which this Agreement was entered into, as set forth in the diagnostic contained in the Environmental Recovery Plan. It is important to note that, in circumstances in which future diagnostics are performed that expand the irrecoverable part of damages, new compensatory measures will be applied that are proportional to the additional irrecoverable part;

3. The losses, negative impacts, and damages stemming from interim loss of natural resources and/or environmental services which were incurred during the period of time before the damages occurred and the measures for environmental recovery being concluded (considered to be intercurrent environmental damages for these purposes of compensation), in accordance with the Environmental Recovery Plan.

Will Vale continue to distribute potable water and inputs for agricultural and livestock industries among affected populations?

Yes. Vale will continue with its initiatives for emergency supply of drinking water and silage as needed and these amounts will not be deducted from the total amount agreed to in the Global Settlement.

Will Vale continue its initiatives in the communities and municipalities affected?

Yes. In addition to the provisions of the Full Reparation Agreement for which Vale is fully responsible, we will continue to be active in areas such as negotiations for individual compensation and support for searches being conducted by firefighters, for example. This is our commitment to continuous reparation.

What will happen with criminal proceedings currently underway with regards to the disaster?

The Full Reparation Agreement that Vale has entered into is exclusively civil in nature.

All criminal proceedings remain effective and will be decided upon by the Brazilian judiciary.

What will happen to those who intend to seek an agreement or take individual actions?

The Comprehensive Recovery Agreement respects all the individual rights of the affected people. It does not cover individual damages. The situation of affected people who made agreements, proposed an agreement or still intend to propose individual actions remains the same. These cases are proceeding normally, with support from the Public Defender's Office of the state of MG and the Prosecution Office of MG. The individual agreements already made will be respected, the possibility of new individual agreements will continue to exist and, if there is no agreement in the cases that are in progress, they may be submitted to the Judicial Branch. Affected people who wish to make agreements regarding their individual rights are still able to contact the Public Defender of the state of MG in Brumadinho or, accompanied by their lawyers, contact Vale directly.

Will we be in the hands of the government in terms of the emergency? What can we expect?

The emergency payment ended in October/2021 and was replaced with the Income Transfer Program. The eligibility criteria, beneficiaries and amount of the Income Transfer Program will be informed by the legal institutions, without participation from Vale.

Individual Compensation

Indemnification payments


Indemnification procedures are currently underway. Click here and learn more.



Economic and non-economic compensation

(Up to date as of the fourth week of September, 2021. ¹ Up to December 2020)

+11,200

Individuals already part of agreements for civil or labor indemnification

R$ 13 billion

in payments  made¹ towards reparation 

+5,500

Civil and labor settlements executed 



Number of individuals with signed settlement agreements

Last updated in November, 2021




Emergency Actions



Support for searches

Vale is continuing with its commitment to supporting and helping improve conditions for searches being carried out by the Minas Gerais Military Firefighters Corps. In addition to providing the corporation with logistical support, improvements are also being made in the field, such as providing drainage for impacted areas to prevent humidity from forming in tailings and the opening of new roadways in order to offer increased access to the area. Working together with firefighters, the company is studying material available in the region in order to continue contributing to the searches.



Results of searches

(Last updated: 11/18/2021)

270

Deceased persons 

7

individuals not yet found 

Click here to view the most recent published list.



Emergency data and donations

Data for emergency support provided to victims, municipalities, and public bodies.

(Actions carried out in 2019) 

276 individuals received a donation of R$ 100 thousand
R$ 250.7 million in financial support for 10 municipalities with suspended mining operations  
R$ 4 million donated to the Minas Gerais State Military Police 
10 hospitals and health units mobilized in order to attend to those affected
R$ 6.5 million in equipment for the Legal Medical Institute of Belo Horizonte
100 individuals received a donation of R$ 50 thousand
An additional R$ 107 million provided to the Minas Gerais state government as compensation for reduction in ICMS (state tax on circulation of goods) levied
91 individuals received a donation of R$ 15 thousand
R$ 20 million donated to the Minas Gerais Military Firefighters Corps
R$ 30 million allocated to social assistance and health care in communities
R$ 80 million provided to the municipality of Brumadinho as financial compensation 
R$ 5 million donated to the Minas Gerais State Civil Defense 

Construction Projects

Infrastructure 

The carrying out of initiatives aimed at improving quality of life and collective wellbeing is one of the main elements of the process of providing compensation for the impacts of the B1 dam rupture. Defined through means of active consultations with communities and government partnerships, these projects are mainly aimed at urban infrastructure and public equipment.

Learn more about some of the projects:


Water supply system for the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region

Vale has also supported water security efforts for the population of the Belo Horizonte Metropolitan Region, which withdraws water from the das Velhas and Paraopeba river basins. As part of these efforts, underground wells have already been provided to municipalities in the RMBH, community reservoirs installed in small towns and low-income settlements (favelas), as well as water reservoirs for essential clients in the region, such as hospitals, schools, and penitentiaries. Another project that has been concluded is the Carlos Prates Pipeline, which has increased the possibility of water transfer between distribution systems in the Paraopeba and das Velhas river basins. Finally, a new water withdrawal system for the Paraopeba river, constructed by Vale in Brumadinho, has already begun pumping water. Pumping activities are being carried out in stages, beginning with a volume of 1000 litres per second and increasing until a total volume of 5000 litres per second is reached, the same flow of water withdrawal that is currently suspended.

Water supply system in Pará de Minas

A new pipeline system for the Pará river was definitively completed in April 2021 after the Assisted Operations phase for the Pará de Minas Water Concessionaire and the municipality. The new pipelines system is part of a series of actions aimed at ensuring water supply in Pará de Minas. The flow of water withdrawn is 284 L/sec. (a little more than one million litres per hour), the same flow which the municipality was previously authorized for the Paraopeba river. When water withdrawal is cleared for the Paraopeba river, the new pipeline system will allow the capacity of captured water to be doubled, provided the population with increased tranquility and water security.



Projects completed in Brumadinho






Projects currently underway

Brumadinho

Mário Campos

Socioeconomic Projects

Since 2019, we have remained committed to contributing to economic development in the communities affected by the dam collapse. Through means of projects aimed at training, entrepreneurial support, and job creation, we are supporting municipalities in reducing local economic dependence on mining activities, strengthening local vocational activities, and providing incentives for new businesses increasing household income amongst residents.



Learn more about some of the projects:

Project for Strengthening the Competitiveness of the Private Tourism Sector:

Fifty tourism entrepreneurs located in Brumadinho, Igarapé, Juatuba, Mário Campos and São Joaquim de Bicas have completed the Project for Strengthening the Competitiveness of the Private Tourism Sector cycle, which is carried out in partnership with the Veredas Tourist Circuit.
Despite a 37.9% drop in the performance of the tourism sector in Brazil last year (according to IBGE, the Brazilian Institute for Geography and Statistics), businesses receiving support from the program registered an average growth of more than 4% in annual revenue and 10% in the number of workstations.

Value Brumadinho Program:

The 30 social organizations whose projects were selected in the Value Brumadinho Program’s 2020 public call for submissions have already been achieving excellent results. With the financial resources received and the technical assistance that continues to be offered, including qualifications, training, and development of partnerships for disseminating products, the organizations have been able to strengthen themselves and apply solutions aimed at optimizing social projects.

Yara Tupynambá Project:

Currently in its final phase, the Yara Tupynambá project has already provided 230 gardens and there are currently 201 residences that have either been completed or that are in the completion phase. There was a delay in implementing the projects due to the Covid-19 pandemic; however, it is expected that all renovations will be completed by the end of August of 2021. The work carried out by the Yara Tupynambá Institute has included training for 144 residents of Córrego do Feijão and Parque da Cachoeira, initiatives that allow them to develop their skills and increase their employability. Parallel to these initiatives, the project is renovating 230 residences and building 230 gardens, both chosen by the students themselves.

Park Territory Project:

Environment

Recovery of the Paraopeba river and its biodiversity is one of the most important aspects of our work. For this reason, measures are being implemented over the short, medium, and long-term. We have implemented a series of actions that, by 2019, had already impeded new transport of sediment to the river and helped to contain tailings.

With tailings contained and impeded from entering the river, we are currently installing two water treatment stations (ETAFs) that will return more than 28 billion litres of treated water to the river.

In order to repair environmental damage, our plan is to completely remove all tailings by 2023 and carry out revegetation throughout the area by 2025. Part of this area has already been recovered and part of the original Ferro-Carvão stream has been restored. For more information, please visit our Monthly Repair Report



Dam Safety

The Barragem B dam, one of the remaining structures from the Córrego do Feijão mine received a Declaration of Conditions of Stability (DCE) and was removed from level 1 Emergency Action Plan for Mining Dams, returning to level 0, which attests to the conditions of stability and safety currently found at the dam.



Water monitoring



Biodiversity

Monitoring of biodiversity is being carried out permanently by companies specializing in the environment and includes biologists, field support workers, and veterinarian doctors.

In total, 35 specific points for aquatic biota and 20 areas of terrestrial biota are currently being studied, which includes non-affected regions, less affected areas, and areas severely affected by tailings.

By June of 2021, 79 birds of different species have already been rehabilitated and reintroduced into nature. Seventeen of these species were rescued from the areas directly impacted by the dam collapse and the remaining 62 were retrieved from Ibama’s (Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources) triage centres which care for groups of animals that are suitable for repopulation.

Click the link below to learn more about Vale’s efforts to monitor and care for biodiversity.



Investigations

Panel of specialists

On the 12th of December 2019, the Panel of Specialists contracted by Vale’s external legal advisors to evaluate the technical causes behind the rupture of the Barragem I dam at the Corrego do Feijão mine in Brumadinho published its findings. The Panel of Specialists, the composition of which was revealed on the 8th of February 2019, was instructed to use its professional experience and judgement in investigating and reporting on the technical causes for the dam collapse. The report from Panel, which consists of a document containing ten appendices and a short explanatory video are available at http://www.b1technicalinvestigation.com/.

CIAE-SB

Announced on the 15th of February 2019, the CIAE-SB (Special Independent Committee for Dam Safety Advising) was instituted by the company’s Board of Directors under the coordination of Professor Flavio Miguez Mello, a highly respected expert in dam engineering with more than 50 years of professional experience. The geotechnical specialists Willy Lacerda and Mr. Pedro Repetto will also be working alongside Mr. Mello.

The CIAE-SB has dedicated itself during the approximately two years that have passed since its formation to performing diagnostics on safety conditions, management, and mitigation of risks with regards to Vale’s dams, as well as recommending measures to be taken in order to reinforce the safety conditions at dam sites. Click here to access CIAE-SB’s report.

Report from the Investigation Committee (CIAE-A)

Announced on January 27th, 2019, the CIAE-A was constituted by Vale’s Board of Directors, under the coordination of the former minister Ellen Gracie, dedicated to investigating the causes and responsibilities of the Dam I rupture, at the Córrego de Feijão mine, in Brumadinho.

The Committee met 49 times last year, and has, since its establishment, carried out multiple verification activities - such as interviews with key individuals to understand the event, document review, visits to the site of the rupture, among others. The Committee also engaged with the authorities responsible for other related investigations and monitored the work of the various established parliamentary committees, in order to obtain relevant information from multiple sources. The work of the Committee for Investigation was also directly monitored by the Board of Directors and by Vale’s Fiscal Council, through periodic reports. For any eventuality, the independence of the Committee – which even has its own budget allocation — is safeguarded.

The result of the work was made available through a report to the Board of Directors and its summary was disclosed to the market through the press to ensure accountability to society. This report contains recommendations of a technical and governance nature. Most of the recommendations refer to themes that are already being addressed by Vale through several initiatives to enhance its internal controls. The executive summary of the Report is available here.

Vale define deadlines for actions to comply with the recommendations brought by the CIAE-A report. By the end of 2020, 92% of these actions had been completed and the schedule inficates that all actions will be completed by December 2022.

To acess the Accountability Report to CIAE-A Recommendations, prepared under the coordination of Vale's Audit Committee, and the complete work schedule, click here.(in Portuguese, only).

See more:

Read Also

Impact on Communities

Learn about our initiatives on relations with communities

Read more

Impacted Territories

We seek to prevent risks, remedy impacts and promote a social legacy in the communities affected by our actions

Read more