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Performance

In addition to setting environmental and social goals, we seek to align the sustainability performance of the various business areas to their teams’ variable remuneration, while also taking into account economic and operational factors.

The KPIs are part of the variable remuneration of all Vale employees and impact all hierarchical levels, including the CEO.

KPIs by business area

Check below the environmental goals for 2019 and the partial results for each indicator:

Vale

Global

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.6% reduction
Forest 1350.0 Ha
Climate change 0.8% reduction
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.6% reduction

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
1350.0 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
0.8% reduction

2019 Results

Iron Ore, Pellets and Manganese

Iron Ore, Pellets and Manganese Global

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.2 m³/t Mfe
Forest 477.7 Ha
Climate change 19.4 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.2 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
477.7 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
19.4 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Malaysia

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.7 m³/t
Climate change 0.9 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.7 m³/t

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
0.9 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Brazil - North Corridor

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.1 m³/t
Forest 145.7 Ha
Climate change 12.8 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.1 m³/t

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
145.7 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
12.8 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Brazil - Southeast Corridor

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.4 m³/t Mfe
Forest 186.6 Ha
Climate change 10.6 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.4 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
186.6 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
10.6 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Brazil - South Corridor

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.2 m³/t Mfe
Forest 134.3 Ha
Climate change 4.6 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.2 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
134.3 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
4.6 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Oman - Pelletizing

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.1 m³/t Mfe
Climate change 115.9 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.1 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
115.9 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Brazil - Pelletizing and Manganese

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.1 m³/t Mfe
Forest 11.0 Ha
Climate change 89.2 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.1 m³t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
11.0 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
89.2 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Base Metals

Base Metals - Global

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 163.5 m³/t Mfe
Forest 219.4 Ha
Climate change 6.7 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
163.5 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
219.4 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
6.7 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Brazil

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 50.3 m³/t Mfe
Forest 46.4 Ha
Climate change 1490.4 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
50.3 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
46.4 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
1490.4 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Canada

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 198.2 m³/t Mfe
Forest 152.0 Ha
Climate change 2.4 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
198.2 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
152.0 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
2.4 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

New Caledonia

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 1172.6 m³/t Mfe
Forest 21.0 Ha
Climate change 41.3 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
1172.6 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
21.0 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
41.3 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Indonesia

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 762.7 m³/t Mfe
Forest 77.0 Ha
Climate change 125.3 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
762.7 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
77.0 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
125.3 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Coal

Mozambique

Indicator 2019 Goals 2019 Results
Water 0.8 m³/t Mfe
Forest 24.0 Ha
Climate change 33.2 KgCO2e/t
Indicator

Water

2019 Goals
0.8 m³/t Mfe

2019 Results

Forest

2019 Goals
24.0 Ha

2019 Results

Climate change

2019 Goals
33.2 KgCO2e/t

2019 Results

Environmental Compliance

Environmental fines

Respect for the environment is an essential condition to ensure the continuity of Vale’s operations, which depends on environmental resources. Nevertheless, mining has significant impact on the territories and its natural attributes where it is undertaken. Therefore, within this context, Vale has developed and uses, in all areas where the company operates, an environmental management system that maps environmental risks in order to prevent and mitigate those risks, and minimize, compensate and remediate environmental impacts caused.

Our Management 

Vale's environmental management process aims to establish responsibilities to periodically analyze and evaluate our compliance with environmental legal obligations and other requirements applicable to our activities. Internal and external teams periodically carry out environmental audits and legal compliance assessments of the environmental management system.

Despite the established management practices, Vale has received, in 2019, 74 significant fines for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations, amounting to USD 153.5 million, in addition to nine non-monetary sanctions[1], out of which USD 125.5 million relates to the rupture of Dam I at the Córrego do Feijão Mine in Brumadinho, MG. The other significant fines imposed for non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations in 2019 refer to matters such as alleged non-compliance with constraints, discharge of effluents in disagreement with legislation, pollution, installation or operation of activity without the proper licenses or permits, among others.

For this purpose, the following definitions are applicable:

"Significant fines": means monetary penalties equal to or greater than $10,000 USD (or equivalent when converted from local currency).

"Non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations": a non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations occurs when an authorized body (e.g., governmental body, independent commercial or non-commercial regulator, etc.) determines that a law, regulation, code, etc. related to environmental or ecological issues has been breached. This definition is essentially in line with the GRI G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines definition of environmental laws and regulations: refers to regulations related to all types of environmental issues (that is, emissions, effluents, and waste, as well as material use, energy, water, and biodiversity) applicable to the organization. This includes binding voluntary agreements that are made with regulatory authorities and developed as a substitute for implementing a new regulation. Voluntary agreements can be applicable if the organization directly joins the agreement or if public agencies make the agreement applicable to organizations in their territory through legislation or regulation.

“Ongoing legal proceedings/allegations”: if an authorized body (e.g., governmental body, independent commercial or non-commercial regulator, etc.) has already determined the company has breached a law, regulation, code, etc. related to environmental or ecological issues  and an initial judgment has been entered, the incident is considered a non-compliance with environmental laws and regulations, regardless of the company's ability to appeal.

Read more at Vale's Sustainanability Report 2019

[1] Information based on Vale's database system of administrative and judicial proceedings.

Environmental incidents

All Vale environmental² incidents¹ are recorded and held. The company follows international premises for the management of environmental incidents, from the initial communication, adoption of immediate actions and causes investigation, to the implementation of corrective actions to eliminate the unwanted effects of the event and lessons learned record.

In 2019, there were thirteen incidents considered grave according to our corporate standards. Aligned with our commitment to transparency, these environmental violations have been reported to local environmental agencies.

The main environmental incidents were related to atmospheric emissions and discharges of non-standard effluents, and they are distributed as shown below:

Country Number and Incident Classification Environmental impact
Brazil 1 Very critical Modification of air, water and soil quality
Brazil 1 Critical Modification of water quality
Brazil 4 Severe Modification of water quality
Brazil 1 Severe Modification of air quality
Brazil 1 Severe Loss of Flora
Oman 2 Severe Modification of air quality
New Caledonia
1 Severe Modification of air quality
New Caledonia
1 Severe Modification of water quality
United Kingdom
1 Severe Modification of water quality

All accidents were investigated by a multidisciplinary team. Appropriate investigation permits to identify contributing factors, reduce risk, include new environmental controls and improve industrial processes.

1 Incident: An unplanned event that resulted, or could have resulted, in a loss/impact.

2 Environmental Incidents: Unplanned event which resulted in an adverse environmental impact.

Note: The Environmental Incidents with grave, severe and very critical severity were reported on the ESG portal, according to the internal planning, development and management norm.



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