Coronavirus (COVID - 19)

Safety and Prevention

Coronavirus (COVID - 19)

Considering the rapid increase in the number of COVID-19 cases worldwide, Vale is taking a series of measures, aiming at the orientation, prevention and safety of people.

While the company monitors the evolution of the pandemic, it is important to remain calm and inform yourself only through official sources. On this page, we bring some information that is also being shared with our employees about the prevention and contagion regarding the virus.

Click here and learn more about the challenge to combate COVID-19

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Symptoms

  • Cough

  • Fever

  • Shortness of breath

  • Muscle pain

Prevention and care

Contamination occurs through respiratory droplets, close contact (less than 2m) with someone with symptoms or direct contact with secretions. The best way to protect yourself is by following the instructions below:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers when you do not have access to soap and water


  • Cover your nose and mouth with your arm or a tissue when coughing and sneezing


  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouthMaintain (at least 2 meters) distance between yourself and anyone ill


  • Do not share personal objects that could transmit the disease


Frequently Asked Questions

Click here to see the main questions on the topic

Recommendations in case of home isolation
Myths and Truths

Recommendations in case of home isolation

You should restrict activities outside your home, except for getting medical care (read below). Do not go to work or public areas, and do not use public transportation or taxis. Use delivery services for grocery, pharmacy and food purchases. If you are in a hotel, use room service.

Separate yourself from other people in your home: Do not receive social visits and restrict the number of contacts to the maximum, especially the elderly. If you are staying with other people, as much as possible, you should stay in a different room from other people in your home. Also, you should use a separate bathroom, if available.

If you have symptoms call ahead before going to a clinic or hospital of reference.

Wear a facemask: you should wear a surgical facemask (not N95 or PFF2) when you are in the same room with other people and when you visit a healthcare provider. If you cannot wear a facemask and have symptoms, the people who live with you should wear one while they are in the same room with you.

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze, or you can cough or sneeze into your sleeve. Throw used tissues in a lined trash can, and immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.

Wash your hands often and thoroughly with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. You can use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available and if your hands are not visibly dirty. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.

Avoid sharing household items: You should not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding, or other items with other people in your home. After using these items, you should wash them thoroughly with soap and water.

Myths and Truths

The HIV virus and the coronavirus are similar: According to the Brazilian Ministry of Health, there is no scientific record that indicates similarities between the two.

The new coronavirus causes pneumonia: The new coronavirus does not cause pneumonia immediately. Its symptoms include fever, cough and difficulty breathing, just like when you catch a cold.

Products from China can contaminate people: There is no evidence that products shipped from China can transmit the disease. Generally, viruses are only transmitted between living beings and do not survive more than 24 hours outside of the human body or an animal.

Vitamin D, C, teas, or oils can prevent the coronavirus: To date, no product has been proved effective in preventing the infection. Before buying vitamins, focus on maintaining proper personal hygiene and on following a balanced diet.

Antibiotics cure the disease: No, antibiotics do not work against viruses, only bacteria. COVID-19 is caused by a virus and, therefore, antibiotics should not be used as a means of prevention or treatment.

The virus is only transmitted in hot and humid areas: From the evidence so far, the COVID-19 virus can be transmitted in all areas, regardless of climate.

The new coronavirus only affects older people: People of all ages can be infected by the virus. Therefore, everyone must take steps to protect themselves from the virus, as recommended by the Health area. Elder people and people with pre-existing medical conditions appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus.

Coronavirus is transmitted through sneezing: The transmission usually occurs through air or contact with contaminated secretions – saliva, sneezing, coughing, phlegm – or contaminated objects followed by contact with the mouth, nose or eyes.

There is no treatment for the disease: To date, there is no specific medicine recommended to treat the new coronavirus; however, some treatments can relieve and treat symptoms and prevent aggravation.

The disease can be incubated for up to two weeks: Yes. The disease is incubated for up to two weeks after exposure to the virus. Symptoms may take two to 10 days to appear.

Travel should be avoided: Non-essential travel to any country must be postponed indefinitely. The traveler and immediate leader must determine together whether the trip is necessary.

There is no vaccine for the disease: To date, there is no specific vaccine for COVID-19. To protect yourself, frequently wash your hands with soap and water and avoid touching your face, eyes and nose.

Thermal scanners do not detect infected people: They are effective in detecting people who have developed a fever (i.e. have a higher than normal body temperature), which may indicate an infection. However, they cannot detect infection specifically by the coronavirus.